MIT Develops Wearable Reading What You Are Thinking

In science fiction, the practice of silently saying words thought by the mind is called subvocalization. If the term does not sound familiar, think of when you read a board or a text, and the consciousness automatically reproduces the writings in the brain: it’s like you’re reading aloud inside your head, is not it?

Recently, this began to be used for purposes of interaction with computers and mobile devices, and the MIT researchers even created a wearable that measures neuromuscular signals, they are triggered when the individual does the subvocalization.

The gadget may at first appear to be just a medical device attached to the user’s face, but one can imagine that in future the size of the component will decrease and it will be allocated to the face in a more subtle way. It is also speculated that wearable can be used as a sort of wizard, with activ

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In science fiction, the practice of silently saying words thought by the mind is called subvocalization. If the term does not sound familiar, think of when you read a board or a text, and the consciousness automatically reproduces the writings in the brain: it’s like you’re reading aloud inside your head, is not it?

Recently, this began to be used for purposes of interaction with computers and mobile devices, and the MIT researchers even created a wearable that measures neuromuscular signals, they are triggered when the individual does the subvocalization.

The gadget may at first appear to be just a medical device attached to the user’s face, but one can imagine that in future the size of the component will decrease and it will be allocated to the face in a more subtle way. It is also speculated that wearable can be used as a sort of wizard, with activations integrated through “Hey Siri” or “OK Google”, but for now, the system created by MIT works in a different way: with electrodes that pick up the signals that you verbalize internally, as if they were bone-conducting headphones. The idea is that the component uses the vibrations transmitted to the bones of the inner ear without obstructing the ear canal.

These signals are then sent to a computer that uses neural networks to distinguish words. So far, the system has been used to do things like use Roku, ask for weather forecasts and even report your opponent’s chess moves to get the best counterattacks. All this in complete silence, since the only interaction that exists is between the individual and his mind, and the gadget.

According to Arnav Kapur, an MIT student and lead author of the study, “the motivation for [wearable development] was to build a device with artificial intelligence – an intelligence enhancement device.” He further states that the idea the team had at the outset was that they could “have a more internal computing platform that merges humans and machines in some way and that would seem to be an internal extension of our own cognition.”

2018 is The Year of Artificial Intelligence in Household Equipment

Technology popularized by films like artificial intelligence, I Robot, and The Bicentennial Man, in which machines acquire human characteristics, Artificial Intelligence has emerged in recent years from the field of science fiction to real life. To get an idea of the industry’s potential, according to a research study by Research and Markets, the artificial intelligence solutions market will drive more than $23 billion by 2025, with a 44 percent annual growth rate.

For those who are not yet familiar with the term, it defines the area of computer science that aims to develop systems and equipment capable of simulating the human capacity to reason and consequently make decisions and perform tasks.

At the last CES (Consumer Electronics Show) in Las Vegas, the world’s largest technology fair, artificial intelligence was one of the highlights of the

Technology popularized by films like artificial intelligence, I Robot, and The Bicentennial Man, in which machines acquire human characteristics, Artificial Intelligence has emerged in recent years from the field of science fiction to real life. To get an idea of the industry’s potential, according to a research study by Research and Markets, the artificial intelligence solutions market will drive more than $23 billion by 2025, with a 44 percent annual growth rate.

For those who are not yet familiar with the term, it defines the area of computer science that aims to develop systems and equipment capable of simulating the human capacity to reason and consequently make decisions and perform tasks.

At the last CES (Consumer Electronics Show) in Las Vegas, the world’s largest technology fair, artificial intelligence was one of the highlights of the event, showing that the technology is expected to hit home appliances and electronics in 2018. Companies like LG and Samsung they announced at the event equipment such as TVs, refrigerators, stoves and washing machines with the ability to “talk” to each other, respond to voice commands and even learn from users’ habits.

A practical example of the popularization of artificial intelligence in people’s everyday lives is voice-controlled smartphones such as Amazon Echo, priced at $40 in the United States. The device, which uses a personal assistant called Alexa, allows the user to talk to the device to ask him to find and say the items of a recipe to do at lunchtime, reveal the name of a song, read news, car and thousands of other things.

And we’ll see many other equipment manufacturers including Artificial Intelligence features in their equipment in the coming months. That’s because new platforms, such as NeuroPilot (which combines hardware, software, AI processing unit and software development kit), were announced at CES. With this, the creation of devices with artificial intelligence becomes much easier and cheaper for manufacturers.

In the case of MediaTek, which provides solutions for the creation of voice-controlled devices offered by Amazon, Google, Alibaba, and Baidu, among others, the newly released MT8516 chip will offer equipment developers and manufacturers artificial intelligence capabilities for from alarm clocks to fire alarms, among other devices for home use.

Do not be alarmed if you’re talking to your refrigerator or air conditioner right away. With integrated solutions, which offer equipment manufacturers greater processing capacity, for more affordable prices, soon you will have in your home equipment capable of listening to your wishes, doing what you say and even hitting a crumb.

Agile Method: Always Convince

Toyota’s total quality approach is based on continuous feedback, primarily industrial. This approach is also at the heart of so-called “agile” methods of computer development or organization, and it brings, again, real benefits according to a study by Freeform Dynamics on the order of CA Technologies.

The agile companies thus have a higher growth of turnover (57% above average) and profit (+ 43%). This study also shows that the agile spirit begins to be generalized in the company, at least according to the statements of the officials questioned.

Thus, 84% of respondents state that their company fully adopts agile methods, 79% continuous delivery and 71% the principles of DevOps. 91% implement these methods within their development teams (and the remaining 9% adopt the methods without applying them). Agility has the first effect of impr

Toyota’s total quality approach is based on continuous feedback, primarily industrial. This approach is also at the heart of so-called “agile” methods of computer development or organization, and it brings, again, real benefits according to a study by Freeform Dynamics on the order of CA Technologies.

The agile companies thus have a higher growth of turnover (57% above average) and profit (+ 43%). This study also shows that the agile spirit begins to be generalized in the company, at least according to the statements of the officials questioned.

Thus, 84% of respondents state that their company fully adopts agile methods, 79% continuous delivery and 71% the principles of DevOps. 91% implement these methods within their development teams (and the remaining 9% adopt the methods without applying them). Agility has the first effect of improving the customer experience (71% of respondents), secondly the acceleration of innovation (70%) and then reducing IT costs (69%).

Agility goes beyond the IT framework

Agility goes beyond computing. It is adopted in many other areas: 84% for product research and development, 81% for sales forces and 74% for customer support. But it supposes important modifications in the state of mind.

It is, therefore, better to encourage and reward improvement (84% of respondents) and increase support by managers (83%). For IT teams, this means more resources adapted to agile practices (79%), through training for a daily integration of the agile approach (77%) and reducing time constraints to facilitate the deployment of processes. Agile and DevOps (67%). But finding the skills remains a challenge.

The study “Prepare for Digital Transformation through Agile and DevOps Practices” was conducted by the Freeform Dynamics analyst firm on the order of CA Technologies. It is based on a survey of 1279 IT and business managers from companies in the following sectors: Energy, Financial Services, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Public Sector, Retail, Telecoms, Transport & Logistics. The study covered 15 countries: United States, Brazil, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Australia, Japan, China, India, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea.

What Are Bitcoins And How Do They Guard Against Hackers?

In January 2009, a man under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin, an innovative digital currency that entered the world of the internet as digital money, creating a chain of blocks, similar to an accounting book public, where all the transactions are recorded and verified by a massive and decentralized computer network.

In other words, it is a crypto-discourse, a digital medium of exchange that is characterized by being decentralized, which means that it is not backed by any government or dependent on trust in a central issuer.

During the last few years, the value of this crypto-currency has grown exponentially. In 2011, a Bitcoin was bought at 12 dollars, while, at present, the same unit can be found at around thousand dollars.

Historical behavior of Bitcoin

The appreciation has managed to captu

In January 2009, a man under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin, an innovative digital currency that entered the world of the internet as digital money, creating a chain of blocks, similar to an accounting book public, where all the transactions are recorded and verified by a massive and decentralized computer network.

In other words, it is a crypto-discourse, a digital medium of exchange that is characterized by being decentralized, which means that it is not backed by any government or dependent on trust in a central issuer.

During the last few years, the value of this crypto-currency has grown exponentially. In 2011, a Bitcoin was bought at 12 dollars, while, at present, the same unit can be found at around thousand dollars.

Historical behavior of Bitcoin

The appreciation has managed to capture the interest of many people, among them the hackers. If you are one of the millions of people who are using this cryptocurrency or you, have thought to start using them, use some tips to protect your digital money in a way intelligent and uncomplicated.

Cold storage

This practice is an excellent way to keep thieves out of your digital assets. It’s about keeping your bitcoins out of line and therefore out of danger. A feature of the digital currency is that you can store it offline using hardware wallets and other protected media. If you do not use your “coins” consistently, save them in this way, hackers will not be able to rob them because they are not on the open web.

Backups

The service guarantees privacy and part of your security consist of robust password phrases and PIN numbers to access the accounts. It sounds obvious, but you need always to make copies of these details. It is extremely important that you write them down in a medium that is not exposed to the Internet and therefore vulnerable to theft or known to others.

Learn about security and privacy of the web

There are several methods of protection that you can use in the line of crypto-currencies. For example, a practical exercise is to look for yourself on the Internet. The more you appear, the more your fingerprint or digital profile is likely to be tracked, copied and used. There are many companies, entities, and online experiences that offer services to safeguard your valuable information and reduce risks in the face of a possible computer divide.

Should Robots Be Given a Legal Status?

Should robots be given legal status? This is the question that currently occupies the AI experts, and for a good reason, a paragraph well buried in a report of the European Parliament published in January 2017, suggests that it is necessary to assign “electronic personalities” to certain robots.

“The creation, over time, of a legal personality specific to robots, so that at least the most sophisticated autonomous robots can be considered as electronic persons responsible for repairing any damage caused to a third party; it would be conceivable to consider as an electronic person any robot that makes autonomous decisions or that interacts independently with third parties.”

Translation, this recommendation suggests that autonomous robots should be held accountable, especially in the event that these machines damage the safety of people or dam

Should robots be given legal status? This is the question that currently occupies the AI experts, and for a good reason, a paragraph well buried in a report of the European Parliament published in January 2017, suggests that it is necessary to assign “electronic personalities” to certain robots.

“The creation, over time, of a legal personality specific to robots, so that at least the most sophisticated autonomous robots can be considered as electronic persons responsible for repairing any damage caused to a third party; it would be conceivable to consider as an electronic person any robot that makes autonomous decisions or that interacts independently with third parties.”

Translation, this recommendation suggests that autonomous robots should be held accountable, especially in the event that these machines damage the safety of people or damage property.

The parties to this proposal, including builders, claim that this change is common sense. Legal status will not give robots the right to marry or to enjoy the same rights as humans. Far from it, it will equalize the AI with companies, which they already enjoy the status of “legal person,” and are treated as such in courts around the world.

But these arguments do not convince the opponents of this proposal. In a letter to the European Commission, 156 experts in artificial intelligence from 14 European countries, computer scientists, law professors and CEOs warned Brussels of the danger of implementing this proposal. According to them, assigning a legal status to robots would be “inappropriate” and pose “legal and ethical” problems.

On the side of the legislative authorities, Mady Delvaux, Vice-President of the Judicial Committee of the European Parliament and Luxembourg Socialist MEP, said that although she is not sure whether granting a legal personality is a good idea, it is increasingly convinced that the current legislation is limited and is unable to deal with the complex problems that concern the responsibility of autonomous machines. For this reason, she thinks that all options need to be explored.

A position categorically rejected by AI experts in their petition and for whom this proposal is almost heresy.

Noel Sharkey, Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics at the University of Sheffield, also agrees that for builders, this proposal is a way to get rid of responsibility for the actions of their machines and the damage they do could cause.

Robots with intelligence similar to humans and capable of making decisions are still far from existing. Today, robots do better than humans in certain specific tasks, even limited applications, such as image recognition, or play the game of Go.

But these applications, although advanced, remain limited to a single domain. Playing Go, or categorizing images, is all that these machines can do, unlike humans who can both understand the language, learn to perform a variety of games, and recognize images.

Despite this reality, exaggerated media reports of advances in robotics have infiltrated public debate. As a result, lawmakers could be pushed to adopt premature regulations, alert the signatories of the letter.

Roughly, the experts accuse proponents of this proposal intentionally overestimating artificial intelligence capabilities to fool an easily impressionable audience: “From a technical point of view, this project has many biases based on an overstatement of the actual capabilities of the most advanced robots, a superficial understanding of their unpredictability and their self-learning abilities and a distorted perception of the robot by science fiction as well as recent announcements of a sensationalist press,” they say.

According to some researchers, no robot has been able to convey such incorrect notions about robotics as the robot Sophia: a humanoid robot that made its first appearance in March 2016, then was granted Saudi citizenship, a title of the United Nations and inaugurated the Security Conference in Munich this year.

“I’m not against the idea of a robot for the show,” said Sharkey, who co-wrote the letter and also co-founded the Foundation of Responsible Robotics. “But when they start training at the UN and giving the nations a misconception about what robotics can do and the state of the AI right now, it’s very, very dangerous.”

He added, “This is very dangerous for lawmakers as well. They see it and believe it because they are not engineers and there is no reason for them not to believe it. ”

Granting legal personality to robots other problems of an ethical and legal point of view: for example, the robot could then claim to human rights such as the right to dignity, the freedom to integrity, the right to remuneration or the right to citizenship.

Experts also insist that this legal status of robots cannot be compared to the model of the legal person because unlike a society, a robot has no physical person behind him to represent and direct it.

In their letter, the 156 AI experts argue that current EU civil laws are sufficient to address liability issues.

Delvaux for his part said that the idea of an electronic personality is not to give robots human rights, but to ensure that a robot is and will remain a machine with a human being in control. The project is still under discussion in Brussels:” Maybe, in the end, we will conclude that this is not such a good idea,” said Delvaux.

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Traditional IT Roles

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are lightening the workloads of help desk, IT security, and other typical IT tasks. Alongside the obvious benefits for companies, this trend is raising considerable concern about the long-term impact on jobs.

And the concern is not groundless. According to a recent report by Tata Consulting Services, in 12 of the 13 major vertical industries, IT is the segment that makes more use of AI, with over 46% of the IT teams of large companies that integrate artificial intelligence into their applications.

This does not mean that artificial intelligence will replace IT professionals, but that their daily activities will evolve together with AI and may require new skills.

The InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG) experience

This is already happening at the InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG), the multi

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are lightening the workloads of help desk, IT security, and other typical IT tasks. Alongside the obvious benefits for companies, this trend is raising considerable concern about the long-term impact on jobs.

And the concern is not groundless. According to a recent report by Tata Consulting Services, in 12 of the 13 major vertical industries, IT is the segment that makes more use of AI, with over 46% of the IT teams of large companies that integrate artificial intelligence into their applications.

This does not mean that artificial intelligence will replace IT professionals, but that their daily activities will evolve together with AI and may require new skills.

The InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG) experience

This is already happening at the InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG), the multinational chain that includes the Crowne Plaza and Holiday Inn hotels.

Two years ago, when Scot Whigham was appointed the director of IHG’s global IT support service, his team consisted of 35 first and second-level technical support staff. The team helped hotel employees and company staff solve problems with reservations and other back-end systems, as well as general hardware and software problems.

The staff had difficulty keeping up with the needs of society and managing emergencies. Then, at the beginning of 2016, the company undertook a major transformation to offer better self-service and scalable options as needed. Artificial intelligence was part of our transformation strategy.

IHG has implemented IPSoft Amelia, an AI-enabled service desk agent that can conduct intelligent conversations, answer questions, perform support tasks, and above all learn from experience.

The company has not fired personnel. On the contrary, it has increased staff from 35 to 115 people. However, without the platform, IHG would have to hire an additional 120 operators to meet demand.

IHG’s experience is an example of the future impact of AI on IT work, where productivity is improved, new career opportunities open up and, above all, some tasks and roles emerge that may no longer be performed by human beings in future.

Training

Unlike most chatbots, Amelia is not merely based on a list of questions and answers. With Amelia managing this “zero-level” support, humans can concentrate on more difficult problems and unusual situations. Some employees have also started to change roles: instead of answering calls, they are monitoring and training Amelia.

For employees to become familiar with the new technology, IHG used the training offered by IPSoft and other vendors, including IBM.

The opportunities offered by the AI are growing

For IT professionals, artificial intelligence technologies present significant opportunities. The ability to implement AI technology and integrate it with other tools and services to achieve maximum business value opens up new career paths. But even at a basic level, AI frees IT professionals from repetitive tasks by allowing them to devote themselves to something of higher value.

Artificial intelligence is particularly useful in heavy and repeatable tasks. On large quantities, for example, human beings get tired and do not get satisfactory results in pattern recognition. Any repetitive task, even if it seems creative, if it is based on pattern, could be done by the AI.

Nintex, for example, is adding third-party AI components, such as Microsoft’s sentiment analysis service, to its workflow automation offer. This allows companies that are not necessarily artificial intelligence experts to add these capabilities to a wide range of routine tasks.

Until a few years ago only companies with many skills and resources could afford artificial intelligence technologies. Today it’s not like that anymore; artificial intelligence is within everyone’s reach, you just need to know where to look. 2018 will be the year when artificial intelligence can be exploited by any company that has vision, motivation, and strategy to use it.

According to Gartner, by 2019 more than 10 percent of IT customer service employees will write scripts for interactions with bots, and by 2020, 20 percent of companies will dedicate part of their workforce to monitoring neural networks.

Some companies will also benefit from a broader use of artificial intelligence, which may require specific training.

PayPal uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to ” add efficiency to everything from risk management to customer life cycle management. But today there is a lack of talent in artificial intelligence compared to the question.

A new economy based on AI

For most companies, it is preferable to use Google, Microsoft, IBM and other vendors to develop their own translation, chat, or image recognition engines.

Companies also need to consider whether artificial intelligence can be applied to their core business. A manufacturing company, for example, can use AI to derive useful insights for the creation of its products. Today, AI technologies offer opportunities for companies, business models, products and services that once did not exist.

Prepare for the age of AI

In companies that take advantage of new technologies, artificial intelligence can free IT professionals from routine activities. This means that they can engage in higher value activities, which may also require additional training.

According to the TCS report, 80 percent of the executives surveyed are currently investing in AI, and nearly 100 percent expect to do so by 2020.

Experts suggest to IT professionals who want to secure a brilliant career of expanding their preparation including business and communication skills, focusing on growth areas such as cybersecurity or developing greater expertise in their industry.

In cybersecurity, in the next few years there will be about two million jobs that will remain vacant. But artificial intelligence will become an important component of information security, since it is a technology that can support cybersecurity professionals.

According to McKinsey, the AI could help create 20 to 50 million new jobs globally, both as internal IT staff to companies as external consultants or outsourced.

Cloud and automation are the real threats

Some traditional IT jobs could disappear, according to experts, but not because of artificial intelligence – not for the time being, at least.

Automation, outsourcing and cloud technologies will have a much wider impact on the short term. Consider CRM systems. Companies used to develop CRM internally or with on-premise software. When they moved to Salesforce, all the internal support and administration tasks related to the CRM disappeared.

Many companies still operate legacy systems, systems that work and companies have invested heavily. But at some point these systems will collapse under their own weight. Either the company goes bankrupt, or decides to start over with a new infrastructure. And the cost for developing and starting something new has decreased substantially: it’s just a matter of time before it is forced to update itself.

With all the news about recent advances in speech recognition, linguistic translation, image processing, pattern recognition, and of course, in self-driving cars, many people predict a cataclysm based on artificial intelligence, a scenario in which human beings will become obsolete.

Manual, repetitive and routine activities will be automated. And when all these things are automated, it’s important to be ready where we can add value.

Robots Can Attack Customers With Pornography And Steal Some Bitcoins

As insane as it may sound, research has shown that robots serving customers in various stores around the world can act in a “criminal” way. In case, Pepper robots can be hacked to display pornography on your tablet while talking to a customer. Worse? To conclude the session of nothing puritanical images and audios that echo through the store, the robot still requires an amount of Bitcoin.

IOActive’s research team, led by Lucas Apa and Cesar Cerrudo, developed ransomware that could compromise SoftBank Robotics’ NAO robots, according to Motherboard.

According to

As insane as it may sound, research has shown that robots serving customers in various stores around the world can act in a “criminal” way. In case, Pepper robots can be hacked to display pornography on your tablet while talking to a customer. Worse? To conclude the session of nothing puritanical images and audios that echo through the store, the robot still requires an amount of Bitcoin.

IOActive’s research team, led by Lucas Apa and Cesar Cerrudo, developed ransomware that could compromise SoftBank Robotics’ NAO robots, according to Motherboard.

According to research, the main ones affected by this type of ransomware are the stores that use robots for customer service. But even so, the researchers believe that a small portion of customers may be scared to the point of paying the robot some money to end the shame session.

The consequences of this would be more like preventing the robots from continuing to work, so they do not need to encrypt the information, they just have to invade the robot and prevent it from working, so the business starts to lose money automatically.

If you do not know, the Pepper robot has a tablet attached to the chest. In this tablet, a store may, for example, include demo videos or include a customer support system. The ransomware developed by IOActive has the ability to use this tablet to make the robot a malicious agent.

It is believed that, currently, about 10,000 Pepper robots are already operating around the world, especially in the United States. There, the core businesses that use the NAO robots involve the Sprint communications company and Pizza Hut. Each Pepper Robot costs about $9,000 plus service fees.

The danger is not for today

Research shows that the fear of being blackmailed by robots is something that can happen in the future. “In the special case of sex robots, where privacy and intimacy are a primary concern of the user, lack of discretion in contacting technical support, organizing customer service, can encourage users to pay a ransom for the return of a robot dealing with the emotional consequences,” the research says.

What does that mean? In a society with more and more robots, our bond with machines will become more and more common. We can get to the time when hackers will take advantage of this feeling to kidnap robots, steal private data and demand payments as the release.

Incidentally, security and robots are something that is not yet very well established. A vulnerability in NAO (humanoid) robots, also exploited by IOActive previously, has already shown that these machines can become devices for spying.